Steinmetzbahnhof mit Tuffsteinmuseum

Steinmetzbahnhof mit Tuffsteinmuseum

Weibern

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Volcanic eruptions of numerous pumice volcanoes around 400,000 years ago left deposits of ash flows and glowing clouds in the entire valley around the village of Weibern.
These material deposits solidified under their own pressure and the influence of groundwater to form tuff rock with a material thickness of over 35m.

Already in the Celtic times, tuff from Weibern seems to have been sculptured for cult marks.
The Romans used the light-colored, easy-to-work stone as building stone.

From the early Middle Ages on, the tuff was mainly transported to the Rhine for filigree stone carving in churches and from there it was partly reloaded onto ships. The stone can be found today both in Bremen Cathedral and in the large vaults of Cologne Cathedral.

After the stone industry was a booming branch of the economy with dozens of companies and several hundred employees at the end of the 19th century, only one company is currently active on site.
In the center of Weibern, many tuff stone buildings testify to the craftsmanship and skills of cheerful and past generations.

The tuff center provides information about tuff. From volcanic formation to mining and its use. The Weibener Schaufenster, the Weibener Steinsägehaus, the Museuminsel and the Steinmetzbahnhof with the tuff museum belong to the tuff stone center in Weibern

Further information on courses and events in the Weibern Tuff Center is available from the Tourist - Info Vulkanregion Laacher See on 02636 - 19433.

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Place

Weibern

Contact

Steinmetzbahnhof mit Tuffsteinmuseum
Tuffsteinstraße
56745 Weibern
Phone: (0049) 2636 - 19433

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Laacher See in der Eifel, © Eifel Tourismus GmbH, D. Ketz

Laacher See

With around 3.3 km² and a depth of 53 m, Laacher See is the largest lake in Rhineland-Palatinate. The area around the lake has been a nature reserve for almost 80 years. The last eruption of the former “Laacher volcano” occurred around 10,930 BC. B.C., about 13,000 years ago. Traces of volcanic activity can still be found in the form of volcanic outgassing, the so-called mofettes, on the eastern shore of the lake. The total ejection quantity of the outbreak at that time was about 16 km³. The eruption was one and a half times as strong as that of Pinatubo in 1991, or 6 times as strong as the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980. Although Laacher See is widely regarded as the largest maar in the Vulkaneifel, it is scientifically not a maar and also not a real crater lake, but a water-filled caldera - a burglary crater that resulted from a collapse after the magma chamber was emptied below the volcanic cone. The volcanic mountain collapses and only the ring bead on the outer edge remains. Over time, the remaining boiler fills up with water. The Laacher See is in the Eifel, next to the neighboring Wehrer Kessel, the largest caldera and the only water-filled one in Central Europe.