Quereinhaus Eifel

Heckenmünster

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In the villages in the Wittlicher Land you can still find many two-storey old farmhouses, some of them lovingly restored, all built in a similar style. This historically special architectural style from the Mosel Franconian region is known as the "Trier Quereinhaus". The typical national building style developed after the Thirty Years' War towards the end of the 17th century. Before the war, there were mainly so-called strewing yards: larger buildings with living and stable part and several individually standing farm buildings (barn, cellar, baking house, fruit storage). At the end of the war, there were hardly any locals left alive in some villages. The villages were destroyed. It was not until the end of the 17th century that farmers and agriculture recovered and larger agricultural house buildings became possible. Instead of litter yards, transverse houses, mainly along streets, were built as continuous rows of houses. The Trier Quereinhaus is a detached house that combines the living and working spaces (barn and stables) of a farming business in one elongated building, most of which has its broad front facing the street. Everything is located under one roof with continuous ridge, in two separate house sections, each of which branches off from the corridor. The construction is 2-storey, the gable roof has an inclination of 35-50 degrees, the facade is plastered. Special attention was paid to the entrance to the residential wing. In addition to the richly decorated entrance door, the entrance was equipped with an elaborately designed lintel. The year of completion and the names, coats of arms or monograms of the builders were entered there. Further characteristics of the Trier Quereinhaus are the clear design of the building as a cube without projections, access is from the long side of the building, the window and door sections are tightly proportioned in relation to the overall façade, the window arrangement is orderly and clearly structured; often with sandstone cornices/lime stone and with wooden shutters, the roof surface is continuous, there are no dormers, the roofs are covered with slate or, more rarely, with monk-non-hollow-tiles, there is little or no roof overhang, the exterior plaster surface reaches down to the floor without a plinth, the barn door is made of wood and is bordered with a sandstone round arch, there is a larger courtyard, which in the past was often planted with a tree (walnut, pear tree, horse chestnut, maple or lime tree) and paved with natural stone paving. In the courtyard there was also the so-called "Mistekaul", a depository for the dung of the cows, horses etc.

At a glance

Opening hours

  • From January 1st to December 31st

    The Quereinhouses are privately owned - viewing is not possible.

Place

Heckenmünster

Contact

Tourist-Information Wittlich Stadt und Land
Am Marktplatz 5
54516 Wittlich
Phone: 0049 6571 4086
Fax: 0049 6571 29077

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