Immerather Maar

Immerather Maar


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The maar blasted into the so-called ribbon slate tier! This is a transitional layer between the Lower Devonian Siegen- and Unterems tier. Here it is covered by maar tuffs at the surface. The maar cone was formed in an Üßbach tributary valley and originally had a size of 600 x 700 m with a depth of 60 m at the Devon top edge. Particularities Just as several other maars in the Eifel (Meerfeld maar, Eichholz maar), the maar lake was drained in 1750 by deepening the stream ravine and used for agriculture. The maar soil was significantly more fertile than the surrounding rocky slate soil lacking minerals. During World War I, between 1914 and 1918, nobody maintained the drainage, allowing a shallow maar lake to form again until today! The maar lake now only has one drainage, but no inlet! Water is only added by rainfall, surface and groundwater!




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Blick vom Maarkreuz aufs Schalkenmehrener Maar, © Eifel Tourismus GmbH, D. Ketz

Schalkenmehrener Maar

Especially if you visit the GesundLand Vulkaneifel in summer, a detour to the Schalkenmehren Maar is a must. Located directly at the village of the same name and opposite the Weinfelder Maar, the Schalkenmehrener Maar is one of the three Dauner Maars and offers a wonderful backdrop for an extended walk or an extensive hike. If you look closely, you can see that the Schalkenmehren Maar was once a double maar, formed by volcanic activity around 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. But the tuffs of the western maar filled up the eastern maar funnel, so that nothing can be seen of the second maar today, except for the fen vegetation that has spread in this area. Take a little discovery tour and observe numerous animal and plant species along the way!